Bishop Charles Inglis and his Descendants.














By REV. ARTHUR WENTWORTH HAMILTON EATON, D. C. L.  published in Acadiensis July,1908 Volume V111. November 3.


THE RIGHT REV. CHARLES’ INGLIS, D.D., first Bishop of Nova Scotia, and the first bishop consecrated, for any English Colonial See, was born in Ireland in 1734. His father was the Rev. Archibald Inglis, of Glen and Kilcarr, who was ordained in 1713 for the curacy of Lettermacward, County Donegal, and in 1722 was presented to the living of Glencolumkille, in the Diocese of Raphoe. In 1743 he was given the liv­ing of Kilcarr in addition to his other cure, but he lived only until 1745, when he was succeeded in Kilcarr by his eldest son, Richard. The father of the Rev. Archibald Inglis was the Rev. James Inglis, M. A., Rector of Raymenterdowney, in the Diocese of Raphoe, who died in 1739, and his grandfather, probably the Rev. Archibald Inglis, a Scottish Episco­pal clergyman of no small distinction, who from 1786 to 1789 was Rector of Glasgow University, his last years being spent in Donegal, where he held a living given him by his friend Cairncross, Bishop of Raphoe. The Rev. Archibald Inglis, Rector of Glen and Kilcarr, had three sons, the eldest of whom was the Rev. Richard Inglis, who entered Trinity College, Dublin, in 1737, at the age of seventeen, and the youngest, Charles Inglis, the first Colonial Bishop of the British Empire, who was born in 1734, and about 1756 came to America to teach in the Free School at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In 1758, at the hands of the Right Rev. Thomas Hayter, Bishop of London, he was



  184                               ACADIENSIS.


ordained deacon and priest, and from 1759 to 1765 was in charge of the mission of Dover, Delaware, his field comprising the whole County of Kent. From England, after “a long and dangerous voyage,” he came directly to his mission, and on the first of July, 1759, began his work there. On a salary of fifty pounds a year he laboured in Delaware for five years, but on the 28th of August, 1764, the vestry of Trinity Church, New York City, resolved to call him as assist­ant to the Rev. Samuel Auchmuty, who was also at this date elected to the rectorship of the church. “Besides what might be raised for him by subscrip­tion,” and with a sufficient sum being given him for the expense of his removal from Delaware, Mr. Inglis was promised by the church a salary of two hundred pounds per annum, currency. In February, 1764, he married at Dover, Mary, daughter of Captain Ben­jamin and Mary Vining, born in 1733, but on the 13th of October of the same year the young wife died in child-birth. December 3rd, 1764, Mr. Inglis was temporarily in Philadelphia, and from there he wrote the Rev. Mr. Auchmuty, refusing the New York appointment. His Delaware mission, he thought, needed him, and there he desired to stay. A few months later, however, he accepted the appointment, and on the sixth of December, 1765, he formally entered on his duties in New York. On the occasion of his departure from Delaware, the church-wardens and vestry of Dover “wrote to express their great re­gret at his going, and to testify that he had with un­wearied diligence attended four churches, discharging every duty of his functions, and conducting himself on all occasions in a manner truly laudable and exemplary.” On the fourth of March, 1777, Dr. Auchmuty died, and on the twentieth Mr. Inglis was chosen rector of the historic New York church. The church structure, the rectory and school houses had




been burned in the incendiary fire of 1776, which de­stroyed almost a thousand houses, or about a fourth of the town, and Mr. Inglis’ induction took place in the churchyard, under the supervision of Governor Tyron, the new rector laying his hand upon the char­red ruins of the church in taking the oath of allegiance and conformity.” His formal resignation of the rector-ship was made November 1st, 1783; the 25th of that month the British forces evacuated the city. As rector of Trinity, says Dr. Dix, he bore himself with great dignity, and faithfully discharged the duties of his sacred office.” The two chapels of Trinity, St. Paul’s and St. George’s, were left, and until the revolution made the rector’s further continuance in the city impossible, he regularly ministered in one or the other of these churches. Some time before his death, Dr. Auchmuty, who was in feeble health, went to New Jersey, leaving Mr. Inglis in charge. When at last Governor Tryon found himself unable to main­tain order, Dr. Inglis also withdrew to Flushing, tak­ing the keys of the locked chapels with him. What Mr. Inglis’ early scholastic education had been we do not know, but on the 6th of April, 1770, the University of Oxford conferred on him the honorary degree of Master of Arts, and on the 25th of February, 1778, the higher degree of Doctor of Divinity. Dr. Inglis’ precise movements in the decade preceding his consecration as Bishop of Nova Scotia are a little un­certain. In October, 1775, he sent his family, together with his books and papers, to New Windsor, Orange County, but in a short time his wife and family removed to Goshen; later he himself was for a considerable time at Flushing. On the 20th of January, 1782, his eldest child, Charles, died; the 21st of September, 1783, his second wife, Margaret (Crooke), also died. Late in the next month, or early in November, pro­bably with two of his children, he embarked for Eng­land,


  186                               ACADIENSIS.


and there he probably remained until August 12th, 1787, when he was consecrated at Lambeth, the first Bishop of Nova Scotia, with jurisdiction over the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Bermuda, and Newfoundland. Sailing from England the sixteenth day after his consecration, he reached Halifax on Tuesday, October 15th, and there was re­ceived with the highest expressions of esteem and good-will. In May, 1809, he was made a member of His Majesty’s Council, his rank in the Province to be next after the Chief Justice. The life of Bishop Inglis has never fully been written; valuable sketches of him, however, are to be found in the Dictionary of National Biography; Canon Mockridge’s “Bishops of the English Church in Canada and Newfoundland;” Bishop Perry’s “Historical Collections of the Ameri­can Colonial Church,” “Centennial Sermon in West­minster Abbey,” and “History of the American Epis­copal Church ;“ Dr. Berrian’s and Dr. Dix’s “Histories of Trinity Church, New York;” Dr. Eaton’s “The Church of England in Nova Scotia and the Tory Clergy of the Revolution;” and a pamphlet entitled, “Charles Inglis, our First Colonial Bishop,” by the Rev. H. Vere White, M. A., Dublin, 1899. His own vigorous letter to the Rev. Dr. Hind, of the S. P. G., written from New York, October 31St, 1776, to he found printed in full in the third volume of the Documentary History of New York (1850), sets forth in detail the difficulties with which in his brief rector­ship he had to cope, and the hardships to which he was exposed during the stormy time of the Revolution. In the Act of Attainder of 1779, he and his wife were included; in the pillage of the city by the Revolution­ists their house in New York was plundered of every­thing, their loss, he says, amounting to near two hund­red pounds, American currency, or upwards of a hund­red




pounds sterling. Bishop Inglis’ labours in his great colonial diocese continued from the date of his conse­cration to his death in i8i6, a period of between twenty-eight and twenty-nine years. He was not a man of great mental brilliancy or remarkable scholarship, but he was a faithful missionary bishop, an able administrator of the affairs of his large, steadily-growing diocese, and a staunch believer in the right to supremacy in the Christian world of the Anglican Church. That his imprint is still deep on the Church of England in the maritime Provinces none can doubt.

Bishop Inglis married, secondly, in New York, on Monday evening, May 31st, 1773, Margaret, daughter of John and Margaret (Ellison) Crooke, of Ulster County, New York, her father’s father being John Crooke, Sr., of Kingston, New York, for years Surrogate of Ulster County, and her mother’s parents, Thomas and Margaret (Garra­brant) Ellison. [Margaret Ellison was the second of eleven children of Thomas and ‘Margaret (Garrabrant) Ellison; of her brothers, Thomas married Mary Peck, of the Pecks from whom Peck Slip, N. Y., is named; William married Mary Floyd, first cousin of William Floyd, of Long Island, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Of her sisters, Elizabeth was married to Cadwallader Colden. A John Crooke was one of the first wardens of Trinity ‘Church.] In 1776 Dr. Inglis’ family is said to have included his mother-in-law, Mrs. Crooke, but it seems hardly likely that this lady went with her son-in-law and his child­ren to Nova Scotia. Her will, which bears date April 18th, 1808, was proved November 14th, ,8111 and in it she makes the following bequests: To her grandson, John Inglis, then the third Bishop of Nova Scotia, the sum of three hundred and seventy-five dollars; to her grand-daughter, Mrs. Margaret Halliburton, of


188                                ACADIENSIS.


Halifax, two hundred and fifty dollars; to her grand­daughters, Mrs. Margaret Halliburton, and Mrs. Anne Pidgeon of New Brunswick, all her wearing apparel, and bed and table linen; to her three grand-children the residue of her estate. Her executors were Corne­lius Ray, Clement Moore, and Henry Barclay. When Bishop Inglis came to Nova Scotia, he naturally first made his home in Halifax, but the Crown gave him a grant of land at Aylesford, in the western part of Ring’s County, and about 1794 he built a house and began to reside there. His estate he named “Cler­mont,” in recollection of the well-known Livingston Manor on the Hudson River. He died at Clermont, February 24th, 1816, in the 82nd year of his age, the 58th of his ministry, and the 29th of his episcopate. He was buried under the chancel of St. Paul’s Church, Halifax, his funeral being attended by the Lieutenant-Governor, Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, Sir John Went­worth, Bart., the members of H. M. Council, and all the most prominent citizens of Halifax. The chief published writings of Bishop Inglis were:


I—‘A Vindication of the Religious Condition of the Ameri­can Colonies, prepared and published by Rev. C. Inglis, 1750.” (This was in answer to a sermon by the Bishop of Llandaff, giving an unfavorable account of the state of religion in the colonies).

II.—‘ Plain Truth: Addressed to the Inhabitants of America; containing remarks on a late pamphlet (by Thomas Paine), entitled Common Sense. Written by Candidus. Pseud. Philadelphia, 1776.”

III.—An Essay on Infant Baptism.

IV.—A Letter on the Question of Free Pews in Kingston Church (New York).

V—_A Defense of his own Character against Certain False and Malicious Charges contained in a Pamphlet, en­titled, “A Reply to Remarks on a Vindication of Governor Parr and his Council,” etc., London. Printed

in 1784.




BISHOP CHARLES INGLIS.                                                       189


To these should be added the notable letter to the Rev. Dr. Hind, S. P. G., to which reference has been made above. In it Dr. Inglis speaks of his refusal to accede to General Washington’s request that he should omit prayers for the King. Important letters from him will also be found in Bishop Perry’s History of the American Episcopal Church, Vol. 2; and Dr. Dix’s History of Trinity Church, Vol. 2. His fare­well sermon in New York, preached in both the chapels of Trinity, October 26th, 1783, was from 2 Cor. 13, 2.

Children of Bishop Charles1 and Margaret (Crooke) Inglis:


1        i—CHARLES², b. in 1774, d. January 20, 1782. Both

               he and his mother are buried under the chancel
               of St. Paul’s Chapel, New York City.
2.      ii.—MARGARET, b. in 1775.
3.      iii.—ANNE, b. in 1776.
4.      iV.—JOHN,
b. December 9, 1777.


In the churchyard of Christ Church, Dover, Dela­ware, is a tombstone with the following inscription to the memory of the first Mrs. Charles Inglis:


Sacred to the memory of


whose mortal part lies here deposited

Till the resurrection of the Just,

Adorned with every virtue

And Amiable accomplish­ment

She was

For dignity of manners, mildness of temper,

Sincerity of Heart, warm piety to God,

Benevolence to man­kind, Filial tenderness

and Conjugal affection

A shining ornament and pattern to her Sex

Beloved, esteemed by all who knew her.

She died in child-birth of Twins,

October 13th, An. Dom. 1764,

 Aetat Fuœ 31.


Two mural tablets, connected, in the chancel of St. Paul’s Church, Halifax, Nova Scotia:


Sacred to The Memory of


(Third Son of The Rev. Archibald Inglis, of Glen and Kilcar, in Ireland)

Bishop of Nova Scotia and Its Dependencies;

Whose Sound Learn­ing and Fervent Piety

 Directed by Zeal According To Knowledge

And Supported by Fortitude, Unshaken

Amidst Peculiar Trials

Eminently Qualified Him For The Arduous Labours Of The

First Bishop

Appointed To A British Colony.

This Stone Is Raised By Filial Duty and


In Grateful Remembrance of Every

Private Virtue

That Could En­dear a Father and a Friend

Of The Ability, Fidelity and Success, with


He was Enabled By The Divine Blessing, To

Discharge All His

Public Duties

The General Prosperity Of The Church In His


The Increase of His Clergy, And of The

Provision For Their Support,

The Establishment of a Chartered College

And The Erection Of more Than Twenty new

Churches are The Best Monument.

Obiit annu salutis MDCCCXVI, ætatis lxxxi.



  190                               ACADIENSIS.




By Whom the Above Monument was Erected

Has Followed His Pious Parent to the Grave,

The Inheritor of His Vir­tues, and of His Zeal,

In the Cause of His Divine Master,

After a Faithful Service of Many Years

As Rector of this Parish

He was Consecrated in the Year of Our Lord, 1825,

Bishop of the Diocese,

Endued with Talents of a High  Order

He Zealously Devoted His Whole Life

To the Dili­gent Discharge of His Sacred


As a Minister of the

Gospel of Christ;

He died on the 27th of October, A. D.1850,

In the Seventy Third Year of His Age

And in the Twenty Sixth of His Episcopate.

In Erecting this Monument

To Their Lamented Pastor and Bishop

The Members of the Church Have the

Melan­choly Satisfaction of Uniting It

With That

On Which He Himself Has So Feelingly


The Virtues of His Father.


Mural tablet in the chancel of St. Paul’s Chapel, Broadway, New York, to the second Mrs. Charles Inglis, and her son, Charles:


Within this Chancel, in certain Hope of a

Resurrection to Glory

through Jesus Christ, are deposited the Remains of MARGARET

the Wife of CHARLES INGLIS, D. D.

formerly Rector of Trinity Church in this City.

She died the 21st of September, 1783, aged 35 Years.

Near her is in­terred all that was mortal of CHARLES,

Eldest Son of the said MARGARET and CHARLES INGLIS,

who, alas! at an early Period, was snatched away

January the 20th, 1782, in the 8th Year of his Age.

The Husband and the Father, since become Bishop of Nova Scotia,

As a Testimony of the tenderest Affection to a dear

and worthy wife,

and Esteem for a devout Christian; and of the

fondest Regard for an

amiable Son, who, although in Age a Child, was

yet in Understanding

a man, in Piety a Saint and in Disposition

an Angel, caused this

Monument to be erected in the Year, of our Lord




BISHOP CHARLES INGLIS.                                                     191



2.     MARGARET2 INGLIS, born in New York in 1775,


was married, September i9th, 1799, to the Hon. Bren­ton Halliburton, M. L. C., who became the eighth Chief Justice of Nova Scotia, and after his wife’s death was knighted. Sir Brenton was the son of Dr. John and Susannah (Brenton) Halliburton, and was horn in Newport, R. I., December 3, 1775. In 1782 his father came as a Loyalist to Halifax, and henceforth the family’s interests all lay in Nova Scotia. In his boyhood, for a few years Brenton studied in England, but on the death of his elder brother, John, in 1791, he returned to Halifax and studied law. When the Duke of Kent came to Halifax as Commander of the Forces, he entered the regiment of which H. R. H. was colonel

—the Seventh Foot Fusiliers—receiving his lieuten­ancy June 28th, 1795. His captaincy he received September 6th, 1798, but when the Prince finally left Halifax (July 3oth, 18oo) he withdrew from the army and took up the practice of law. His short military career, indeed, began in 1793, when he entered the Nova Scotia Provincials (militia regiment) as an en­sign. At the age of thirty-three, Mr. Halliburton was elevated to the Bench, and on the resignation of Hon. Sampson Salter Blowers, seventh Chief Justice, then ninety years old, he was made head of the Judiciary. At the age of eighty-five he was made a Knight. Among British Colonial public men of the last half of the eighteenth century and first half of the nine­teenth century, Sir Brenton’s name deservedly stands


   192                                                ACADIENSIS.


high. He was a clear-sighted lawyer, an able and upright Chief Justice and Judge, and a truly religious man. He was socially reserved, and yet kindly and courteous. In his “ Life of Sir Brenton, published many years ago in Halifax, the Rev. Dr. George Wil­liam Hill, D. D., his biographer, speaks very tenderly of tile sincere and humble piety that distinguished him in his last days. Sir Brenton lived for years on Morris Street, Halifax, but in later life he spent much tune at the place he owned called “The Bower,” on the Northwest Arm. He also owned an estate near that of his father-in-law, Bishop Inglis, at Wilmot, Annapolis County, to which lie gave the name “.Margaretville.” A portrait of him by A. G. Hoit, painted in 1840 or 1845, hangs in the Legislative Council Chamber in Halifax. He (died July 16th, 186o, in his eighty-sixth year, and the following tablet to his memory rests on the walls of St. Paul’s Church:


To the Memory of


Who for more than Half a Century adorned

the Bench of

The Supreme Court, and for Twenty-seven

Years was

Chief Justice of Nova Scotia;

Kind, Amiable, Loving and Beloved

In every Relation of Life,

He United to a Cheer­ful Disposition

And many Private and Social Virtues,

The Graces of a Truly Christian Character,

Long Time a Member and Afterwards

President of the Legislative Council,

He Took a Warm Interest in the Welfare of

the Province

And the Improvement of Its Laws and


On The Bench

He was Dignified, Affable and Courteous;

A Patient and Laborious Judge

Of Great Legal and General Know­ledge,

A Vigorous intellect, Clear Judgment

And a Singular Aptitude for the Investigation of Truth.

These, with His Acknowledged Uprightness,

and Impartiality,

Obtained For Him Universal Esteem,

Born Dec. 3rd, 1775, He Entered Into Rest,

July 16, 186o.

“I know whom I have believed and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.”




Margaret2 (Inglis) Halliburton died in Halifax, July 5th, 1841, aged sixty-six. A tablet in St. Paul’s Church to her memory has this inscription:


Sacred To The Memory of


The Wife of THE


Who departed This Life

On the 5th of July, 1841,

Aged 66 years.

Early trained In the Nurture

And Admonition of the Lord

By Her Pious Father,

The First Protestant Bishop

In The British Colonies,

She Was Conspicuous

Throughout Her Life

For Piety to God

And Charity to the Poor, I

This Tablet Is Raised

As a Humble Memorial

Of Her Virtues

By Her Affectionate Husband.

Blessed are the Dead which die in the Lord

Even so saith the Spirit:

For they rest from their Labours.



Children of Sir Brenton and Margaret (Inglis) Halliburton:


i—MARGARET2, b. June 3, i8oo

ii.—SUSANAH, b. Nov. 6, 1803; hap. Jan’y 8, 1804; d. Dec. ii, 1874, unmarried.

iii.—MARY E., b. probably in 1805, d. May 31, 1828, unmarried.

iv.—JOHN CROOKE, b. 1807, d. Nov. 8, 2884, unmarried.


V—ELLEN EMMELINE, b. April 19,1811, d. Nov. 29, 1875, unmarried.

Vi.—CHARLES H., b. in 1812, buried Sept. 24, 1819, aged 7 years.

Vii.—BRENTON, b. probably in 1813, d. probably before he was 30, perhaps in Aylesford.

Viii.—ELIZABETH, b. Oct. 20, 1815, bap. Jany 21, 1816.



Of these children, Margaret2 was m. in 1825 to Hon. Enos Collins, M. L. C., and had seven children. John Crooke was a barrister, and for forty-four years Chief Clerk of the Legislative Council. He was admitted to King’s College, Windsor, in 1823, but did not graduate. He was the last of Bishop Charles Inglis’ descendants to live in Halifax, and the last person descended from Dr. John Halliburton to bear the Halliburton name. Like others of the family, he



194                                ACADIENSIS.


is buried in Camp Hill Cemetery, Halifax. Elizabeth was rn. in 1862 to Major Richard Matthews Poulden, R. A. She was Major Poulden’s second wife, and she had no children. Major Poulden was made Ensign July 29th, 1825; Lieutenant, January 3rd, 1828; Captain, October 22nd, 1840; Major, Nov­ember 28th, 1854. He retired on captain’s full pay, and was living in 1875. Mrs. Poulden undoubtedly died in England. Elizabeth Halliburton is said in the St. Paul’s (Halifax) baptismal register to have been the ninth child of her parents. If this is so, there must have been one child more born to them of whom we have no record. It seems more probable however, that she was the eighth child.


3.     ANNE2 INGLI5, born in New York in 1776, was married, about 1793, to the Rev. George Pidgeon, successively missionary at Belleisle Bay, Oak Point, and adjacent parts on the River St. John (New Brunswick), and Rector of Fredericton, and of Trinity Church, St. John. Mr. Pidgeon was the son of Ed­ward Pidgeon, gentleman, of County, Kilkenny, Ire­land, and was born in 1760. October 7th, 1776, he entered Trinity College, Dublin, and November 2nd, 1781, received an ensigncy in the 65th Regiment. During the Revolutionary War he came with his regi­ment to America, and at the close of the war removed to Halifax, left the army, and became a candidate for holy orders. Tradition has it that he fell in love with Anne Inglis, and that the Bishop refused to give his consent to his marrying ‘her unless he returned to civil life. He was probably ordained and married about 1793, the year that he began his work under the auspices of the S. P. G. in the mission of Belleisle. August 19th, 1795, he was elected rector of Frederic­ton, as successor to the Rev. Dr. Cooke, and later he was appointed by his father-in-law Ecclesiastical




BISHOP CHARLES INGLIS.                                                       195


Commissary. His rectorship of Fredericton lasted till 1814, when ‘he was appointed rector of Trinity Church, St. John. This position he held for four years, but during the last few weeks of his life he was in such poor health that the church was closed. ‘His duties of Ecclesiastical Commissary he discharged for twenty-three years. He died rather suddenly, May 6th, 1818, only a little more than two years after Bishop Inglis, and he was buried in the old burying ground in St. John, where his tombstone may be seen. The inscription it bears is as follows:


Under this Stone

are placed

The earthly remains of the


Formerly of Trinity College, Dublin,

Late Rector in this Parish

And Ecclesiastical Corn­nlissary in this

Province 23 years,

He died, May 6, 1818,

Aged 57 years.


Referring to his death, the contemporary St. John newspaper said: “His pious and benevolent character and amiable manners will long endear his memory to his numerous friends.” Notices of ‘Mr. Pidgeon will be found in Lee’s “First Fifty Years of the Church in New Brunswick,” and ‘Canon Brigstocke’s “History of Trinity Church, St. John.” A miniature likeness of him hangs in the vestry of ‘Christ Church Cathedral, Fredericton. Mrs. Pidgeon died childless, at the house of Sir Brenton Halliburton, in Halifax, July 4th, 1827, in her fifty-first year. She was buried in St. Paul’s churchyard in Halifax, and a well-cut tomb­stone marks her grave.


4.   BISHOP JOHN2 INGLIS, born December 9th, 1777, in New York, was one of the first students to be enrolled in the academy at Windsor that later became King’s College. He was one of a group of pre­charter students of the young college who afterward became well known in the British colonial world, but of his graduation, or of his attainment from King’s College of his degree of Doctor of Divinity,


  196                               ACADIENSIS.


we have not the dates. His father intended to send him to Oxford to be educated, but seems not to have done so, though the young man was in England in 18oo, when lie was in his twenty-third year. His ordination took place at Aylesford in 1801, and during 1801 and 1802 he lived at Clermont and served the Aylesford parish. August 31st, 1802, he married at Windsor, Nova Scotia, where it seems as if the Coch­ran family must then temporarily have been residing, Elizabeth, eldest (laughter of the Hon. Thomas and his second wife Jane (Allan) Cochran, born April 15th, 1781. (See Dr. Eaton’s monograph, “The ‘Cochran and Inglis Families of Halifax.”) In July, 1804, their first child, Charles, was born in Halifax; in ,18o6 their second, Jane Louisa, was born in London, Eng­land; their remaining six children were all born in Halifax. How the Aylesford parish was served for fourteen years we are not informed, but Mr. Inglis acted for many years as his father’s Commissary, and it is evident that he was not at all continuously there. His immediate predecessor at Aylesford was the Rev. James Wiswell, and his next successor of whom we have any knowledge was the Rev. Edwin Gilpin, who married Gertrude Aleph Brinley, born May 26th, 1794 (King’s Chapel Epitaphs). The Rev. Edwin Gilpin, and probably his wife, sleep in the churchyard at Annapolis Royal. In 1806 Mr. Inglis was in Eng­land, and again in 1813. In 1815 and thereafter he is styled Dr. Inglis. In February, 1816, his father died, and the Rev. John, who had been for years his “mainstay and ready co-worker,” naturally expected to be appointed in his place. He therefore went to England apparently to present his claim to the bishopric, but the same ship that took him took also an influential petition from the Nova Scotia Legislature for the appointment of Dr. Robert Stanser, an English­man, then rector of St. Paul’s, Halifax. The bishopric


BISHOP CHARLES INGLIS.                                                       197


was given to Dr. Stanser, the rectorship of St. Paul’s was given to Dr. Inglis, and with lovely Christian spirit the latter returned to Halifax and took up his parish work, continuing, however, to act as Commissary, as he had done in his father’s lifetime. The episcopate of Bishop Stanser was not successful, chiefly from the fact that for much of the time the Bishop found it necessary, on account of ill-health, to live in Eng­land. He continued, however, to be bishop till 1825, when he at last resigned, and left the field open for a successor. Tardy recognition now came to Dr. Inglis, who, on the 25th of March, 1825, was consecrated at Lambeth. When Bishop Stanser resigned, Dr. Inglis was in England soliciting subscriptions to King’s Col­lege, and there was no delay in his appointment to the vacant see. Bishop John Inglis is remembered not only as a gentleman of the highest breeding (the Chesterfield of the English episcopate, he was called in his time), but as a man ‘of sympathetic and kindly spirit. To his credit, be it said, he seems never to have alienated “dissenters” by superciliously assert­ing his Church’s claims. His life has been told at some length by Canon Mocknidge, in his “Bishops of the Church of England in Newfoundland and Canada,” and by Dr. Eaton in his “Church of Eng­land in Nova Scotia.” When Bishop Charles Inglis died he entailed part, at least, of his Aylesford estate to his son, Bishop John, and after him to his grand­son, Charles, Bishop John’s eldest son. At the death of Bishop John all of the estate the other child­ren of Bishop John could sell was disposed of, and the widow and her daughters and younger Sons made their home permanently in London. The eldest son, Charles, M. D., however, continued to live in Aylesford, where he died unmarried in 1861. He was buried in the churchyard in Aylesford, in a spot that is now covered by the enlarged chancel of the


     198     ACADIENSIS.


church. Bishop John Inglis died in England, Octo­ber 27th, 1850, and was buried in St. Mary’s church­yard, Battersea, London. Mrs. Inglis died July 14th, 1862, and was buried in St. Paul’s churchyard, Rusthall, Tunbridge Wells, Kent. A window in St. Paul’s Rusthall, bearing an inscription, perpetuates her memory.


Inscription on a mural tablet in St. Mary’s Church, Battersea, London, S. W., to the Right Rev. John Inglis, D. D.:


In the Adjoining Churchyard Rest the Mortal Remains


Lord Bishop of Nova Scotia,

who departed this Life on the 27th of October, A. D. 1850,

In the 73rd Year of His Age.

From Early Youth He was Designed for the Sacred Ministry,

And His Active Life was Passed in the Zealous Service of His Master.

The Diocese of Nova Scotia, over which He Pre­sided

For Upwards of Twenty-five Years

Has Severely Felt and Deeply Deplored the Loss of

Its Beloved Diocesan.


Inscription on the window erected to Mrs. John Inglis in St. Paul’s Church, Rusthall:


Faith Which Worketh Love.

In Memory of a Beloved Mother

ELIZA INGLJS, Widow of the


Lord Bishop of Nova Scotia,

Born April 15th, 1781,

Died July 14th, 1862.


On Mrs. Inglis’ monument is the following:


Eliza Inglis, Widow of the

Right Rev’d John Inglis,  D. D.,

Bishop of Nova Scotia,

Born April 15th, 1781,

Died July 14th, 1862.


Children of the Right Rev. John Inglis, D. D., and his wife Elizabeth (Cochran)


i.—CHARLES³, b. July 13, 1804, at Halifax.

ii.—JANE Louis(, b. May 5. 1806, in London.

iii.—ARABELLA PREVOST, b. April 3, 1808, at Halifax

 iV.—CATRERINE ANNE PREVOST b. May to, 1810, at Halifax.

V.—ELIZABETH JEMIMA, b. June 30, 1812, at Halifax

 vi.—JOHN EARDLEY WILMOT, b. Nov. 15, 1814, at Halifax


vii.—WILLIAM COCHRANE, b. December 16, 1816, at Halifax

bap. Jan’y 31, 1817, died February I, 1817, at Halifax

viii.—THOMAS C0CHRANE, b. May 22, 1819, at Halifax

bap. July 14, 1819


BISHOP CHARLES INGLIS.                199


Of these children, Charles3, b. July 13th, 1804, was admitted to King’s College, Windsor, in 1819, studied medicine in London, returned to Nova Scotia, but never practised, and finally died at the house of a Mrs. Rutherford, in Aylesford, in July, 1861; he was buried July 26th directly behind St. Mary’s Church. Although King’s College fared so generously at his hands, the corporation of that college did not erect a tombstone to his memory, nor was one ever reared. Jane Louisa, d. September 4th, 1897; Arabella Prevost d. in 1891; Catherine Ann Prevost d. in 1893; and Elizabeth Jemima (Mrs. Kilvington) d. in 1890; all four being buried in Brompton Ceme­tery. William Cochran is buried in the Cochran tomb in Halifax.

Of the children of Bishop John Inglis, none were married but Elizabeth, and Sir John Eardley Wilmot. Elizabeth was married to Lieutenant Francis Henry Kilvington, of the 2nd Staffordshire Foot, who was born June 20th, 1817, and died July 25th, 1855. He was the only son of Rev. Orfeur Kilvington and Hon. Mary Margaret, his wife. His death occurred on board the S. S. “Melita” as she was entering the harbor of Malta, when he was re­turning from the Crimea to England. His commissions were: Ensign, July 20, 1838; Lieutenant, January 8, 1841; Captain of the 62nd (Wiltshire) Foot, March

12, 1848. Captain and Mrs. Kilvington left one son. Captain Thomas Cochrane Inglis was appointed second Lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade, June 14, 1839; Lieut­enant, April 14’ 1843; Captain, December 29, 1848.


    200                                               ACADIENSIS.


5.    Sir John EARDLEY WILMOT3 INGLIS. Of the children of Bishop John and Elizabeth (Cochran) Inglis, and indeed of Nova Scotians of his generation, Sir John Eardley Wilmot Inglis is by far the most dis­tinguished. He entered the army as Ensign in the 32nd Foot (now Cornwall Light Infantry), August 2, 1833, and his successive promotions were as fol­lows: Lieutenant, 1839; Captain, 1843; Major, 1848; Brevet Lieut.-Colonel, 1849; Regimental Lieut.-Col. February 20, 1855; Brevet Colonel, June 5, 1855. He served in Canada from 1836 to 1838, and in the Pun­jaub campaigns in 1848, ‘49. He was in command of the 32nd at Lucknow at the outbreak of the Indian Mutiny in 1857, and succeeded Sir Henry Lawrence in full command, as Brigadier-’General, in July, 1857. For his successful defence of the residency of Luck­now in 1857, he was appointed Major-General, and honoured with the title of K. C. B. In boyhood he had studied at King’s College, Nova Scotia, having been admitted there in 1831, and that college conferred on him, in 1858, as did also the University of Oxford, the degree of D. C. L. After his defence of Lucknow the Legislature of Nova Scotia presented ‘him with a sword of ‘honour, the blade of which was made of steel from Nova Scotia iron. Sir John married, in 1851, the Hon. Julia Selina Thesiger, second daughter of the first Lord Chelmsford, born in 1833, who, with her three children, was present in the Lucknow residency throughout the defence. Lady Inglis long held the honorary position of housekeeper of the State apartments at St. James’ Palace. She had also a residence, “Mayfield,” at Beckenham, Kent, and enjoyed a pension of five hundred pounds a year in memory of Sir John’s services. Her interesting book, “The Siege of Lucknow, A Diary,” published in 1892, is well known. Sir John died at Homburg, Germany, September 27, 1862, and was buried in Homburg. Lady Inglis died in February, 1904.


BISHOP CHARLES INGLIS.               201


From the New York Times Saturday Review of Books, February —, 1904:


“An eventful life, such as has been the lot of very few women, was closed last week with the death, in her seventy-first year, of Lady Inglis, wife of the gallant brigadier who stood for the lives of the besieged at Lucknow during eighty-seven days in i857. Lady Inglis, who was a daughter of the first Lord Chelmsford, was with her husband throughout the defense of Lucknow. She published a diary she kept during the terrible siege, and in this, in simple but graphic language, told the story of how a handful of men held out against frightful odds.”


Children of Sir John Eardley Wilmot and Lady Julia Selina (Thesiger) Inglis:


i.—JOHN FREDERIC4, b. July 16, 1853, Major in the Duke of Edinburgh’s (Wiltshire) Regiment. He entered the army in 1873, and received his Majority March 19, 189o. He m. Janet-Alice, daughter of the Rev. Wil­liam Thornhill, but has no children.

ii.—CHARLES GEORGE, b. March 14, 1855 m. Edith Caroline, daughter of the Rev. C. Buckworth

iii.—ALFRED MARKHAM, b. September 24, 1856, matric. at Oxford, March 9, 1876; m. Ernestine May, daughter of Dean Pigou

iv,—VICTORIA ALEXANDRINA, b. March 24, 1859, married to Hubert Ashton, Merchant in Calcutta

v—JULIA MATHILDA, b. November 30, 1861, m. to George Herman Collier, of the India Office

vi.—RUPERT EDWARD, b. May 17, 1863, matric. at Oxford, Jan’y 21, 1882, grad. B. A. 1885, was Curate of Bas­ingstoke, and died unmarried. Incorrect - he married and had 3 children.


Of the children of. Sir John Eardley Wilmot Inglis, ‘Charles George4 has children: Rupert Charles5 b. February 3, 1884; Harold John, b. June 21, 1885. Alfred Markham4 has children: John Alfred Pigou5, b. May. 5, 1893; Ernestine Mary, b. April 23, 1895 Mildred Jane Catherine, b. August 1, 1879; Francis Frederic, b. June 22, 1899; Alfred Walter (twin with Francis Frederic), b. June 22, 1899.


    202                                               ACADIENSIS.


Victoria Alexandrina4 Ashton has children: Guy Inglis5, b. July 18, 1893; Percy, b. February 27, 1895; Gilbert, b. Sep­tember 27, 1896; Hubert, b. February 13, 1898; Ralph,b.   August 20. 1899, d. September 30, 1899. Julia Mathilda Collier4 has children: Evelyn Mary3, b. October 20, 1888, d. February 26, 1889; Ronald Inglis, b. April 30, 1890; John Herman b.. April 13, 1892, d. May 21, 1892; Grace Marion, b. June 24, 1893; Ken­neth Francis, b. March 7, 1896; Mary Mildred, b. March 18, 1898.


[Notes of her own immediate family were kindly furnished the writer by ‘Lady Inglis herself, who would have been glad to see this record in print.]


A nephew of Bishop Charles Inglis, the Reverend Archibald Paine Inglis, was also a Nova Scotia clergy­man (His middle name is found as Paine, Pain, Peane, or Peine). He was one of the sons of the Bishop’s brother, Rev. Richard Inglis, and, together with his brother Thomas entered Trinity College, Dublin, November 20th, 1768, Archibald being fifteen years old and Thomas sixteen. Among the list of graduates of the college, the name of Archibald is not found, but Thomas took his degree in 1775. Under Bishop Inglis’ direction the academy at Windsor was opened November 1st, 1789, and his nephew, Archi­bald, was appointed its “president” for one year, the title afterwards being changed to “principal.” In this position Archibald seems to have remained until May or June, 1790, when he was succeeded by the Rev. William Cochran, S. T. D., who also at that time became the first president of King’s College. From 1789 to February, i80i, when he died, Rev. Archibald Paine Inglis was settled at Granville, Annapolis County. His widow, Susanna, died at Lower Hor­ton, King’s County, December 13th, 1842, in her 76th year.